[187][188][189], There are significant examples of fine arts in Bengal from earlier times, including the terracotta art of Hindu temples and the Kalighat paintings. [148] India's sole Chinatown is in eastern Kolkata. [119], Years after independence, West Bengal is dependent on the central government for help in meeting its demands for food; food production remained stagnant, and the Indian green revolution bypassed the state. The citadel of Gauḍa served as the capital of the Gauḍa Kingdom, the Pala Empire, and the Sena Empire. Copyright © 12/11/2020 Alamy Ltd. All rights reserved. Pitha, a kind of sweet cake, bread, or dim sum, are specialties of the winter season. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. This was aided by the advent of information technology and IT-enabled services. Sohrai is the most important festival of the Santhals.

Later various tribal sports, folk dances are organized — everybody can take part. [204], Rath Yatra is a Hindu festival which celebrates Jagannath, a form of Krishna. [206], Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.[205]. https://www.alamy.com/bankurasanthaltom-tomdrumplayersbeating-drimsjumpingin-rhythmrathayatrafestivalsalt-lakekolkataindia-image262687911.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-india-demon-58425016.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-india-students-58421885.html. Although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name Vanga, the region's early history is obscure. [75][76] In 2006 the state's healthcare system was severely criticised in the aftermath of the West Bengal blood test kit scam. This folk dance not only projects the culture or traditions of the local tribes but also showcases the strength of unity. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. [171] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[172] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[173] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. Pre-pay for multiple images and download on demand. During the Bengal Sultanate, Bengal was a major trading nation in the world, and was often referred by the Europeans as the "richest country to trade with". (Hons)Course in Santali (Semester system) Bhasha- Bhavana, Visva- Bharati Santiniketan-731235, West Bengal, India.

Following the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 1700s, the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal became a semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal. Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU. Copyright © 2020 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. [114] Per-capita NSDP growth rate at current prices varied from 9.4% in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15% in 2013–2014. The Farakka barrage over the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the river by a feeder canal. [81] The Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Mahananda rivers are in the northern hilly region. Tribal,Santhal,females,on a,festival day,going,to,forest,in,Lalgarh,valley,Jungalmahal,West Bengal, India. With the local priest distributing Sal and Mahua flowers to both men and women, and tribals dancing to drum beats, the colourful festival of ‘Baha’ was celebrated at nearby santal village of Santiniketan. Alamy and its logo are trademarks of Alamy Ltd. and are registered in certain countries. West Bengal's total fertility rate was 1.6, lower than Bihar's 3.4, which is the highest in the entire country.

Copyright © 12/11/2020 Alamy Ltd. All rights reserved. Smart cities are being planned close to Kolkata, and major roadway projects are in the offing to revive the economy. It is the second biggest festival of the Santals after SORHAI, the harvest festival. Tribal,Santhal,group,dance,Rathayatra ,festival,Kolkata,India. https://www.alamy.com/tribalsanthalgroupdancerathayatra-festivalkolkataindia-image262687460.html, https://www.alamy.com/tourists-are-dancing-and-singing-with-local-traditional-dressed-santali-dance-group-at-sonajhuri-haat-near-santiniketan-bolpur-in-the-birbhum-distric-image215627213.html. At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. [52] Bengalis played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. The highest daytime temperatures range from 38 °C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F). This rally is to grow awareness between general people through entertainment consist of baul singers, chou dance performance, band performance, street drama, santhal dance. [117]:20 Kolkata is the headquarters of three zones of the Indian Railways—Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway and the Kolkata Metro, which is the newly formed 17th zone of the Indian Railways. [190][191], The capital, Kolkata, was the workplace of several social reformers, including Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda. [39] Following the early conquest of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. The region was part of several ancient pan−Indian empires, including the Mauryans, and the Guptas. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Bengali literature was modernised in the works of authors such as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works marked a departure from the traditional verse-oriented writings prevalent in that period;[169] Michael Madhusudan Dutt, a pioneer in Bengali drama who introduced the use of blank verse;[170] and Rabindranath Tagore, who reshaped Bengali literature and music. There is little scope for non-Santals to join and integrate with them. [125][126][127] Steps are being taken to remedy this situation by promoting West Bengal as an investment destination. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. Street drama in rally. bmukherjee There are a small number of ethnic minorities primarily in the state capital, including : Chinese, Tamils, Maharashtrians, Odias, Assamese, Malayalis, Gujaratis, Anglo-Indians, Armenians, Jews, Punjabis and Parsis. Rice is the state's principal food crop. The growth rate was 13.35% in 2014–2015. [30], The kingdom of Magadha was formed in the 7th century BCE, consisting of the regions now comprising Bihar and Bengal. In early summer, brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur. [120] The state's share of total industrial output in India was 9.8% in 1980–1981, declining to 5% by 1997–1998. In our Birbhum District (West-Bengal), the Baha festival is celebrated for two days.

[138] There is passenger service to Port Blair on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. These paintings are believed to bring good luck. [197] Popular street foods include Aloor Chop, Beguni, Kati roll, biryani, and phuchka. [56] The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. [5] The state government debt of ₹4.0 lakh crore (US$56 billion), or 32.6% of GSDP, is fifth highest India, but has dropped from 40.65% since 2010–11. The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries; it weathered the Mughals and survived until the advent of the British colonial era. He constructs a number of ‘Pinds’ (altar) and rubs them with cow dung.

There are two branches of government. [121], In the period 2004–2010, the average gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was 13.9% (calculated in Indian rupee terms) lower than 15.5%, the average for all states of the country. The Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is the second-oldest cricket club in the world.[241]. Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the tribal groups, as well as the broader Indian dance traditions. (1516) 2010-09-15 8:40, Hi Samiran, (1955). [117]:4, The economy of West Bengal has witnessed many surprising changes in direction.

226,667,861 stock photos, vectors and videos, https://www.alamy.com/licenses-and-pricing/?v=1, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-santhal-58420620.html, Tribal santhal street dance, jagannath rath yatra, kolkata, west bengal, india, asia, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-tribal-santhal-street-dance-jagannath-rath-yatra-kolkata-west-bengal-89564356.html, Kolkata, India. The western part went to the Dominion of India and was named West Bengal. [86], The "India State of Forest Report 2017", recorded forest area in the state is 16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi),[87][88] while in 2013, forest area was 16,805 km2 (6,488 sq mi), which was 18.93% of the state's geographical area, compared to the then national average of 21.23%.

Copyright complaints  ~   A notable tree from the Sundarbans is the ubiquitous sundari (Heritiera fomes), from which the forest gets its name. [4] As of 2001, in decreasing order of number of speakers, the languages of the state are: Bengali (85.27%), Hindi (7.17%), Santali (2.80%), Urdu (2.06%), and Nepali (1.28%). Download this stock image: Santhali Dance, West Bengal, India - XEB0B8 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [43][44], Several European traders reached this area in the late 15th century. There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. [139], Several government-owned organisations operate bus services in the state, including: the Calcutta State Transport Corporation, the North Bengal State Transport Corporation, the South Bengal State Transport Corporation, the West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation and the Calcutta Tramways Company. [213][214] Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. Falgun is the first month of Santal calendar. [101] Prior to this, West Bengal was ruled by the Left Front for 34 years (1977–2011), making it the world's longest-running democratically elected communist government. They celebrate the end of Ramadan with prayers, alms-giving, shopping, gift-giving, and feasting. [158] Data from 2010 to 2014 showed the life expectancy in the state was 70.2 years, higher than the national value of 67.9. … [109] Other larger cities and towns in West Bengal are: Durgapur, Howrah, Bardhaman, Baharampur, Jalpaiguri, Kharagpur and Chandannagar. Rabindrasangeet, songs composed and set to words by Rabindranath Tagore, and Nazrul geeti (by Kazi Nazrul Islam) are popular.

[194] Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. The Hindu College was established in 1817. Despite the Trinamool Congress government's efforts to forge a consensus on the name change resolution, the Indian National Congress, the Left Front and the Bharatiya Janata Party opposed the resolution. [162], As of September 2017, of 125 towns and cities in Bengal, 76 have achieved open defecation free (ODF) status. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister although the titular head of government is the Governor. [243] In 2008 legendary German goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn played his farewell match on this ground. [180] Other folk music forms include Gombhira and Bhawaiya. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi).

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